Orthopoxvirus Seroprevalence in Cats and Veterinary Personnel in North-Eastern Italy in 2011

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Orthopoxviruses (OPV) are emerging zoonotic pathogens, and an increasing number of human infections is currently reported in Europe and in other continents, warranting heightened attention on this topic. Following two OPV infections reported in veterinarians scratched by sick cats in 2005 and 2007 in North-Eastern-Italy, involving a previously undescribed OPV, a similar strain was isolated by a sick cat from the same territory in 2011, i.e., 6 years later, raising attention on OPV circulation in this region. A surveillance program was launched to assess the OPV seroprevalence among the veterinarians working in local veterinary clinics and in the local wild and domestic cat population; seroprevalence was 33.3% in veterinarians and 19.5% in cats. Seroprevalence in cats was unevenly distributed, peaking at 40% in the area where OPV-infected cats had been observed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalViruses
Volume11
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 25 2019

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Orthopoxvirus
Seroepidemiologic Studies
Italy
Cats
Veterinarians
Animal Hospitals
Zoonoses
Infection
Population

Keywords

  • cat
  • Italy
  • Orthopoxvirus
  • seroprevalence
  • veterinarian

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Virology

Cite this

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title = "Orthopoxvirus Seroprevalence in Cats and Veterinary Personnel in North-Eastern Italy in 2011",
abstract = "Orthopoxviruses (OPV) are emerging zoonotic pathogens, and an increasing number of human infections is currently reported in Europe and in other continents, warranting heightened attention on this topic. Following two OPV infections reported in veterinarians scratched by sick cats in 2005 and 2007 in North-Eastern-Italy, involving a previously undescribed OPV, a similar strain was isolated by a sick cat from the same territory in 2011, i.e., 6 years later, raising attention on OPV circulation in this region. A surveillance program was launched to assess the OPV seroprevalence among the veterinarians working in local veterinary clinics and in the local wild and domestic cat population; seroprevalence was 33.3{\%} in veterinarians and 19.5{\%} in cats. Seroprevalence in cats was unevenly distributed, peaking at 40{\%} in the area where OPV-infected cats had been observed.",
keywords = "cat, Italy, Orthopoxvirus, seroprevalence, veterinarian",
author = "Daniele Lapa and Anna Beltrame and Alessandra Arzese and Fabrizio Carletti and {Di Caro}, Antonino and Giuseppe Ippolito and Capobianchi, {Maria Rosaria} and Concetta Castilletti",
year = "2019",
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language = "English",
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T1 - Orthopoxvirus Seroprevalence in Cats and Veterinary Personnel in North-Eastern Italy in 2011

AU - Lapa, Daniele

AU - Beltrame, Anna

AU - Arzese, Alessandra

AU - Carletti, Fabrizio

AU - Di Caro, Antonino

AU - Ippolito, Giuseppe

AU - Capobianchi, Maria Rosaria

AU - Castilletti, Concetta

PY - 2019/1/25

Y1 - 2019/1/25

N2 - Orthopoxviruses (OPV) are emerging zoonotic pathogens, and an increasing number of human infections is currently reported in Europe and in other continents, warranting heightened attention on this topic. Following two OPV infections reported in veterinarians scratched by sick cats in 2005 and 2007 in North-Eastern-Italy, involving a previously undescribed OPV, a similar strain was isolated by a sick cat from the same territory in 2011, i.e., 6 years later, raising attention on OPV circulation in this region. A surveillance program was launched to assess the OPV seroprevalence among the veterinarians working in local veterinary clinics and in the local wild and domestic cat population; seroprevalence was 33.3% in veterinarians and 19.5% in cats. Seroprevalence in cats was unevenly distributed, peaking at 40% in the area where OPV-infected cats had been observed.

AB - Orthopoxviruses (OPV) are emerging zoonotic pathogens, and an increasing number of human infections is currently reported in Europe and in other continents, warranting heightened attention on this topic. Following two OPV infections reported in veterinarians scratched by sick cats in 2005 and 2007 in North-Eastern-Italy, involving a previously undescribed OPV, a similar strain was isolated by a sick cat from the same territory in 2011, i.e., 6 years later, raising attention on OPV circulation in this region. A surveillance program was launched to assess the OPV seroprevalence among the veterinarians working in local veterinary clinics and in the local wild and domestic cat population; seroprevalence was 33.3% in veterinarians and 19.5% in cats. Seroprevalence in cats was unevenly distributed, peaking at 40% in the area where OPV-infected cats had been observed.

KW - cat

KW - Italy

KW - Orthopoxvirus

KW - seroprevalence

KW - veterinarian

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