We here report the characterization for osteogenic markers alkaline phosphate (AP), osteocalcin, and mineral deposition of osteoblast cultures derived from cells migrating out from seven-day-old rat tibia fragments. The cells outgrown from bone fragments responded to stimulation with PTH with cAMP increase. We show in these cultures a high level of biosynthesis of type III collagen and osteonectin, and report the stimulatory effect that conditioned serum-free media (CM) from these cultures exert on the migration of endothelial cells (EA by 926). The cultures were kept for the initial seven days in a Coon's modified F12 medium, then were switched to a medium containing ascorbic acid and β-glycerophosphate (BGP), and cultured for another 41 days. They showed constitutive and timely restricted osteoblast markers and mineralization. Maximal AP activity occurred in concomitance with cell doubling, then fell to low levels by the time cultures were stationary. 45Ca incorporation in the monolayer increased after four weeks of culture, in concomitance with the appearance of unmineralized nodules, and remained high throughout the phase of mineral deposition. Biosynthesis of collagens type I, type III, and type V was detected at all times; secreted newly synthesized collagens decreased overall, relative to total secreted newly synthesized proteins, and on a per cell basis, with progression of the culture, while the ratio of collagen type III/collagen type I increased. Osteonectin was detected by immunohistochemistry and high amounts of osteonectin were synthesized constitutively. Osteocalcin was detected on virtually all cells tested at 21 and 28 days. A preliminary step in neoangiogenesis is the migration of endothelial cells. CMs collected from osteoblast cultures at different times were potent inducers of endothelial cell migration and acted as such in a dose dependent fashion.
- In vitro osteogenesis
- Induced cell kinesis
- Rat osteoblasts
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism