Bone biopsies were performed before and 7 weeks after transplantation of HLA-compatible bone marrow from the sister of a 3-month-old male infant with malignant autosomal recessive osteopetrosis due to a mutation in the TCIRG1 (ATP6i) gene. The first biopsy showed broad, immature bony trabeculae and no medullary hematopoiesis. Only few osteoclasts were present and electron microscopy showed absence of ruffled borders. The post transplant biopsy revealed donor osteoclasts with ruffled borders and intracytoplasmic mineral crystals as proof of active bone resorption that had not yet been detectable radiographically. Osteopetrosis is a genetically heterogenous disease. Definition at the DNA-level will enable comparison of treatment strategies and prenatal diagnosis. As shown in this patient, the autosomal recessive form caused by a TCIRG1 gene mutation may be amenable to bone marrow transplantation. Activity of donor osteoclasts can be demonstrated morphologically on biopsy, before bone remodeling becomes evident radiologically.
- ATP6i gene
- bone marrow transplantation
- TCIRG1 gene
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health