Osteogenic Differentiation of Human and Ovine Bone Marrow Stromal Cells in response to β-Glycerophosphate and Monosodium Phosphate

Marta Bottagisio, Arianna B. Lovati, Silvia Lopa, Matteo Moretti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Bone defects are severe burdens in clinics, and thus cell therapy offers an alternative strategy exploiting the features of bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs). Sheep are a suitable orthopedic preclinical model for similarities with humans. This study compares the influence of two phosphate sources combined with bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) on the osteogenic potential of human and ovine BMSCs. β-Glycerophosphate (β-GlyP) and monosodium phosphate (NaH2PO4) were used as organic and inorganic phosphate sources. Osteogenic differentiation of the BMSCs was assessed by calcified matrix, alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity, and gene expression analysis. A higher calcified matrix deposition was detected in BMSCs cultured with NaH2PO4. Although no significant differences were detected among media for human BMSCs, β-GlyP with or without BMP-2 determined a positive trend in ALP levels compared to NaH2PO4. In contrast, NaH2PO4 had a positive effect on ALP levels in ovine BMSCs. β-GlyP better supported the expression of COL1A1 in human BMSCs, whereas all media enhanced RUNX2 and SPARC expression. Ovine BMSCs responded poorly to any media for RUNX2, COL1A1, and SPARC expression. NaH2PO4 improved calcified matrix deposition without upregulating the transcriptional expression of osteogenic markers. A further optimization of differentiation protocols needs to be performed to translate the procedures from preclinical to clinical models.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)235-242
Number of pages8
JournalCellular Reprogramming
Volume17
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Developmental Biology
  • Cell Biology

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