Osteonecrosis of the Femoral Head Safely Healed with Autologous, Expanded, Bone Marrow-Derived Mesenchymal Stromal Cells in a Multicentric Trial with Minimum 5 Years Follow-Up

Enrique Gómez-Barrena, Norma G Padilla-Eguiluz, Philippe Rosset, Philippe Hernigou, Nicola Baldini, Gabriela Ciapetti, Rosa M Gonzalo-Daganzo, Cristina Avendaño-Solá, Hélène Rouard, Rosaria Giordano, Massimo Dominici, Hubert Schrezenmeier, Pierre Layrolle, On Behalf Of The Reborne Consortium

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Osteonecrosis (ON) of the femoral head represents a potentially severe disease of the hip where the lack of bone regeneration may lead to femoral head collapse and secondary osteoarthritis, with serious pain and disability. The aim of this European, multicentric clinical trial was to prove safety and early efficacy to heal early femoral head ON in patients through minimally invasive surgical implantation of autologous mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) expanded from bone marrow (BM) under good manufacturing practices (GMP). Methods: Twenty-two patients with femoral head ON (up to ARCO 2C) were recruited and surgically treated in France, Germany, Italy and Spain with BM-derived, expanded autologous MSC (total dose 140 million MSC in 7 mL). The investigational advanced therapy medicinal product (ATMP) was expanded from BM under the same protocol in all four countries and approved by each National Competent Authority. Patients were followed during two years for safety, based on adverse events, and for efficacy, based on clinical assessment (pain and hip score) and imaging (X-rays and MRIs). Patients were also reviewed after 5 to 6 years at latest follow-up for final outcome. Results: No severe adverse event was recalled as related to the ATMP. At 12 months, 16/20 per protocol and 16/22 under intention-to-treat (2 drop-out at 3 and 5 months) maintained head sphericity and showed bone regeneration. Of the 4 hips with ON progression, 3 required total hip replacement (THR). At 5 years, one patient (healed at 2 years visit) was not located, and 16/21 showed no progression or THR, 4/21 had received THR (all in the first year) and 1 had progressed one stage without THR. Conclusions: Expanded MSCs implantation was safe. Early efficacy was confirmed in 80% of cases under protocol at 2 years. At 5 years, the overall results were maintained and 19% converted to THR, all in the first year.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-14
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Volume10
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2021

Keywords

  • bone regeneration
  • clinical trial
  • expanded MSC
  • emoral head osteonecrosis

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