Osteopontin, E-cadherin, and β-catenin expression as prognostic biomarkers in patients with radically resected gastric cancer

Maria Di Bartolomeo, Filippo Pietrantonio, Alessandro Pellegrinelli, Antonia Martinetti, Luigi Mariani, Maria Grazia Daidone, Emilio Bajetta, Giuseppe Pelosi, Filippo de Braud, Irene Floriani, Rosalba Miceli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A correlation between osteopontin, E-cadherin, β-catenin, and cyclooxygenase 2 overexpression and poor clinicopathological features and prognosis has been previously suggested in gastric cancer. This translational study was aimed at assessing the correlation of these immunohistochemical biomarkers with outcome in patients with radically resected gastric cancer. We analyzed osteopontin, E-cadherin, β-catenin, and cyclooxygenase 2 expression by immunohistochemistry in 346 primary gastric tumor tissue samples from patients enrolled in the ITACA-S trial. This phase III study randomized patients with radically resected gastric cancer to receive adjuvant chemotherapy with either 5-fluorouracil and leucovorin or a sequential regimen of infusional 5-fluorouracil and leucovorin plus irinotecan followed by cisplatin and docetaxel. High expression of osteopontin was correlated with high histological grade, diffuse histotype, and peritoneal relapse, but not with TNM stage. Moreover, osteopontin overexpression was associated with higher risk of tumor recurrence and metastases, and was an independent prognostic factor for both relapse-free and overall survival of gastric cancer patients following adjuvant chemotherapy. Abnormal E-cadherin expression and abnormal β-catenin expression were correlated with more advanced disease stage, and as a consequence, with poor outcome. Our results suggest that osteopontin overexpression is a valuable independent predictor of tumor recurrence and survival in patients with radically resected gastric cancer.

Original languageEnglish
JournalGastric Cancer
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Apr 11 2015

Keywords

  • Adjuvant chemotherapy
  • Biomarker
  • Gastric cancer
  • Osteopontin
  • Prognosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Gastroenterology
  • Cancer Research

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