Osteosarcoma cells induce endothelial cell proliferation during neo-angiogenesis

Filomena de Nigris, Francesco Paolo Mancini, Concetta Schiano, Teresa Infante, Alberto Zullo, Pellegrino Biagio Minucci, Mohammed Al-Omran, Antonio Giordano, Claudio Napoli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Understanding the mechanisms inducing endothelial cell (EC) proliferation following tumor microenvironment stimuli may be important for the development of antiangiogenic therapies. Here, we show that cyclin-dependent kinase 2 and 5 (Cdk2, Cdk5) are important mediators of neoangiogenesis in in vitro and in vivo systems. Furthermore, we demonstrate that a specific Yin Yang 1 (YY1) protein-dependent signal from osteosarcoma (SaOS) cells determines proliferation of human aortic endothelial cells (HAECs). Following tumor cell stimuli, HAECs overexpress Cdk2 and Cdk5, display increased Cdk2 activity, undergo enhanced proliferation, and form capillary-like structures. Moreover, Roscovitine, an inhibitor of Cdks, blunted overexpression of Cdk2 and Cdk5 and Cdk2 activity induced by the YY1-dependent signal secreted by SaOS cells. Furthermore, Roscovitine decreased HAEC proliferation and angiogenesis (the latter by 70% in in vitro and 50% in in vivo systems; P

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)846-852
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Cellular Physiology
Volume228
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology
  • Physiology

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