Other thermal ablation techniques: Microwave and interstitial laser ablation of liver tumors

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

67 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Thermal ablation of hepatic malignancies is becoming a widespread treatment approach. In addition to radiofrequency ablation, microwave coagulation (MCT) and laser-induced interstitial thermotherapy (LITT) are being used clinically to treat patients with liver cancers. Methods: The principles and clinical indications for MCT and LITT are described. Treatment approaches and results from published clinical studies are reviewed. The evolution of these thermal treatment modalities and limitations of currently available equipment is provided. Results: The interstitial probes and equipment used for MCT and LITT for liver tumors are undergoing changes to improve treatment efficacy. Both MCT and LITT have been limited by the relatively small zone of coagulation produced with a single probe placement. Both techniques can be performed safely, and local recurrence and long-term survival rates are being established. Conclusions: MCT and LITT are two alternative thermal ablation techniques being used to treat patients with primary and metastatic hepatic malignancies. The utility of these two treatments has been limited by the relatively small area of thermal necrosis produced around the interstitial probes, but design modifications and new equipment may improve these limitations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)491-497
Number of pages7
JournalAnnals of Surgical Oncology
Volume10
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003

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Laser Coagulation
Ablation Techniques
Induced Hyperthermia
Laser Therapy
Microwaves
Hot Temperature
Liver
Neoplasms
Equipment and Supplies
Therapeutics
Liver Neoplasms
Necrosis
Survival Rate
Recurrence

Keywords

  • Laser therapy
  • Liver cancer
  • Microwave
  • Thermal ablation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Oncology

Cite this

Other thermal ablation techniques : Microwave and interstitial laser ablation of liver tumors. / Izzo, Francesco.

In: Annals of Surgical Oncology, Vol. 10, No. 5, 2003, p. 491-497.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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