Non tuberculous Micobacterial (NTM) Infections mainly affect immunocompromised patients, appearing as disseminated or pulmonary disease. In immunocompetent children the most common form of infection with NTM is cervical adenitis. Ear infection seems to be a rare disease. We present a case of otomastoiditis caused by Mycobacterium avium in a 15 months old child, immunologically normal. Patient was referred for persistent right otitis unresponsive to routine medical therapy. TC scan of the ear and temporal bones revealed: soft tissue in external auditory canal, Eustachian canal, and middle ear overlying ossicles with erosion of tegmen timpani. Tuberculin skin test was positive with 5 units PPD and culture yielded M. avium. The patient undergo timpanomastoidectomy and medical therapy with antituberculous drugs and Steroids, subsequently he was given Clarithromycin and Rifabutin. M. avium is an ubiquitous low grade pathogen found in soil, water, dust and food. There is no evidence of direct transmission. Only a few cases of otomastoiditis due to M. avium have previously been reported. The case presented underlines the importance of microbiological investigations. When a NTM infection is suspected surgeons and infectious diseases specialists should cooperate to find an optimal treatment regimen of this unusual disease.
|Translated title of the contribution||Otomastoiditis caused by Mycobacterium avium: A case report|
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Infezioni in Medicina|
|Publication status||Published - 1997|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Microbiology (medical)