Out of the frying pan into the fire-the P300-based BCI faces real-world challenges

Sonja C. Kleih, Tobias Kaufmann, Claudia Zickler, Sebastian Halder, Francesco Leotta, Febo Cincotti, Fabio Aloise, Angela Riccio, Cornelia Herbert, Donatella Mattia, Andrea Kübler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) have been investigated for more than 20 years. Many BCIs use noninvasive electroencephalography as a measurement technique and the P300 event-related potential as an input signal (P300 BCI). Since the first experiment with a P300 BCI system in 1988 by Farwell and Donchin, not only data processing has improved but also stimuli presentation has been varied and a plethora of applications was developed and refined. Nowadays, these applications are facing the challenge of being transferred from the research laboratory into real-life situations to serve motor-impaired people in their homes as assistive technology.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)27-46
Number of pages20
JournalProgress in Brain Research
Publication statusPublished - 2011


  • ALS
  • BCI application
  • Brain-computer interface
  • ERP
  • P300
  • Visual

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)


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