BACKGROUND: Anti-TNF therapies infliximab (IFX), adalimumab (ADA), and golimumab (GOL) are approved for treating moderate to severe ulcerative colitis (UC). In UC, only the switch from IFX to ADA has been investigated, reaching no more than 10-43% remission rates at 12 months.
AIM: Of the present study was to investigate disease outcome after a switch from subcutaneous (SC) agents to the intravenous (IV) agent (IFX).
METHODS: In this retrospective multicentre study, we analysed the charts of UC patients unresponsive/intolerant or with secondary loss of response (LOR) to ADA or GOL who were switched to IFX. We evaluated clinical response and remission together with adverse events at 3, 6, and 12 months follow-up.
RESULTS: Seventy-six patients were included; 38 patients started ADA and 38 started GOL for a mean therapy duration of 6 ± 6 months. Indications for switch were adverse events in 3%, primary failure in 79%, and LOR in 18% of patients. Clinical remission was reached by 47%, 50%, and 77% of patients, respectively. Patients that switched for LOR did numerically, but not statistically, better than patients who switched for primary failure.
CONCLUSIONS: Our data show a superior remission rate in SC to IV anti-TNF switch in UC compared to the IV to SC switch reported in literature.