Outcome of metastatic colorectal cancer: Analysis of a consecutive series of 229 patients. The impact of a multidisciplinary approach

Elisa Sperti, Roberto Faggiuolo, Alex Gerbino, Antonella Magnino, Andrea Muratore, Cinzia Ortega, Renato Ferraris, Francesco Leone, Lorenzo Capussotti, Massimo Aglietta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

PURPOSE: New chemotherapy agents and integrated treatments have improved the prognosis of patients with metastatic colorectal cancer. METHODS: From January 2000 to December 2002, 229 consecutive metastatic patients were prospectively followed and their outcomes were analyzed. They were divided initially into four treatment groups: A, palliative chemotherapy for extensive extrahepatic disease with or without hepatic disease (97 patients); B, palliative chemotherapy as in Group A for extensive hepatic disease unlikely to become resectable (36 patients); C, neoadjuvant chemotherapy for potentially resectable liver metastases if responsive to therapy (33 patients); D, immediate surgery for liver metastases (63 patients). RESULTS: The series was analyzed after a median follow-up of 22.6 months. The median progression-free survival was 9, 7.3, 11.5, and 26 months in Groups A, B, C, and D, respectively. The median overall survival was 20.1, 17.2, 24.8, and >48 months in Groups A, B, C, and D, respectively. The outcome was considered for the 69 patients with metastases confined to the liver (Groups B and C), who were treated initially with chemotherapy. Surgery was performed in 21 patients (5 from Group B, and 16 from Group C) and was R0 in 16. In resected patients, the median progression-free survival was 14.7 months and the median overall survival was 40.5 months. In unresected patients, the median progression-free survival was 7.6 months and the median overall survival was 17.5 months. CONCLUSIONS: Neoadjuvant therapy may prolong overall survival in a subset of patients with multiple hepatic metastases. The global impact on progression-free survival is low; less than one-half of the patients resected after chemotherapy are disease-free at three years. However, patients resected after chemotherapy obtained overall survival similar to that of primary surgery, suggesting a positive role for integrated approaches.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1596-1601
Number of pages6
JournalDiseases of the Colon and Rectum
Volume49
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2006

Keywords

  • Integrated treatment
  • Metastatic colon cancer
  • Neoadjuvant chemotherapy
  • Survival

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

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