Outcome of Patients with Renal Cell Carcinoma and Multiple Glandular Metastases Treated with Targeted Agents

Paolo Grassi, Ludovic Doucet, Palma Giglione, Viktor Grünwald, Bohuslav Melichar, Luca Galli, Ugo De Giorgi, Roberto Sabbatini, Cinzia Ortega, Matteo Santoni, Aristotelis Bamias, Elena Verzoni, Lisa Derosa, Hana Studentova, Luca Porcu, Filippo De Braud, Camillo Porta, Giuseppe Procopio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: Pancreatic metastases (PM) from renal cell carcinoma (RCC) have been associated with long-term survival. The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcome of RCC patients with multiple glandular metastases (MGM) treated with targeted therapies (TTs). Methods: Sixty-four MGM patients treated between 1993 and 2014 were retrospectively identified from a database of 274 RCC patients with PM from 11 European centers. The survival of MGM patients was compared with that of both patients with PM only and a cohort of 325 RCC patients with non-GM (control group) treated with TTs. Survival was estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method and was statistically compared using the log-rank test. Results: Fifty-six patients (88%) had at least 2 MGM, 7 patients (11%) had 3 MGM and 1 patient had 4 MGM, while non-GM were present in the remaining patients. The median overall survival (OS) was 54.2 months for MGM and 73.4 months for patients with PM only. The median OS in the control group was 22.7 months and statistically inferior to both MGM (p < 0.001) and PM patients (p < 0.001). Conclusion: MGM from RCC are associated with a remarkable survival. Despite some limitations, these findings suggest that GM might be considered a predictor of a favorable prognosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)269-275
Number of pages7
JournalOncology (Switzerland)
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2017


  • Glandular metastases
  • Renal cell carcinoma
  • Targeted therapy
  • Tyrosine kinase inhibitors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research


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