Rituximab is efficacious in myelin-associated glycoprotein (MAG) polyneuropathy, but the question on timing of retreatments is open. We studied 21 anti-MAG polyneuropathy patients who responded to a first cycle of rituximab, were followed-up for an average of 11.2 years, and were retreated only when relapsing. Baseline serum B-cell-activating factor (BAFF) levels were measured. Clinical improvements lasted on average 6 years, and as many as 71% of the patients resulted long-lasting responders. Severity of disease and high serum BAFF levels (cut-off ≥860 pg/mL for relapse risk) at onset seemed to predict worse prognosis. Measurements of these variables could help deal with the issue of maintenance rituximab therapy in MAG polyneuropathy.