Outcomes after transaortic transcatheter aortic valve implantation: long-term findings from the European ROUTE

Riccardo Cocchieri, Rainer Petzina, Mauro Romano, Dariusz Jagielak, Nikolaos Bonaros, Marco Aiello, Joel Lapeze, Mika Laine, Sidney Chocron, Douglas Muir, Walter Eichinger, Matthias Thielmann, Louis Labrousse, Kjell Arne Rein, Jean-Philippe Verhoye, Gino Gerosa, Vinayak Bapat, Hardy Baumbach, Helen Sims, Cornelia DeutschPeter Bramlage, Jana Kurucova, Martin Thoenes, Derk Frank

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: There is lack of data regarding the longer-term outcomes of patients undergoing transaortic (TAo) transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). We aimed to provide a contemporary snapshot of the types and frequencies of events in the year following TAo-TAVI.

METHODS: The Registry of the Utilization of the TAo-TAVI approach using the Edwards SAPIEN Valve (ROUTE) is a multicentre, European, prospective, observational registry of aortic stenosis patients undergoing TAo-TAVI. Patients were grouped according to the composite end point death, myocardial infarction, stroke/transient ischaemic attack, major vascular complications, life-threatening bleeding, acute kidney injury (AKI) and/or cardiovascular rehospitalization.

RESULTS: Two hundred and fifty-three patients with a mean age of 81.5 ± 5.8 years were included, of whom 89 (35.2%) patients met the composite end point (the event group) and 164 (64.8%) patients did not (the event-free group). New York Heart Association (NYHA) class III/IV (85.2% vs 71.8%, P = 0.017), Canadian Cardiovascular Society angina class III/IV (22.6% vs 11.4%; P = 0.021), pulmonary disease (32.6% vs 18.9%; P = 0.015) and renal insufficiency (15.7% vs 3.0%; P < 0.001) were more common in the event group. At 1 year, the most common event was death (19.1%), followed by AKI stage II or III (14.7%). The baseline renal insufficiency was the strongest independent predictor of composite end point achievement [odds ratio (OR) 7.55, 95% confidence interval (CI) 2.33-24.56], followed by NYHA class III/IV (OR 2.316, 95% CI 1.06-5.06) and pulmonary disease (OR 2.91, 95% CI 1.45-5.85). Pulmonary disease was also an independent predictor of 1-year mortality (OR 3.01, 95% CI 1.34-6.75).

CONCLUSIONS: Long-term outcomes after TAo-TAVI appear to be similar to those for TAVI via other non-transfemoral access routes. Awareness of characteristics associated with poorer outcomes may aid patient selection and identification of those requiring closer post-procedural monitoring.

Clinical trial registration number: ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01991431.

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