Outcomes in hypertensive patients at high cardiovascular risk treated with regimens based on valsartan or amlodipine: The VALUE randomised trial

Stevo Julius, Sverre E. Kjeldsen, Michael Weber, Hans R. Brunner, Steffan Ekman, Lennart Hansson, Tsushung Hua, John Laragh, Gordon T. McInnes, Lada Mitchell, Francis Plat, Anthony Schork, Beverly Smith, Alberto Zanchetti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background The Valsartan Antihypertensive Long-term Use Evaluation (VALUE) trial was designed to test the hypothesis that for the same blood-pressure control, valsartan would reduce cardiac morbidity and mortality more than amlodipine in hypertensive patients at high cardiovascular risk. Methods 15 245 patients, aged 50 years or older with treated or untreated hypertension and high risk of cardiac events participated in a randomised, double-blind, parallel-group comparison of therapy based on valsartan or amlodipine. Duration of treatment was event-driven and the trial lasted until at least 1450 patients had reached a primary endpoint, defined as a composite of cardiac mortality and morbidity. Patients from 31 countries were followed up for a mean of 4·2 years. Findings Blood pressure was reduced by both treatments, but the effects of the amlodipine-based regimen were more pronounced, especially in the early period (blood pressure 4·0/2·1 mm Hg lower in amlodipine than valsartan group after 1 month; 1·5/1·3 mm Hg after 1 year; p

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2022-2031
Number of pages10
JournalLancet
Volume363
Issue number9426
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 19 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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