Previous studies on the peritoneal immune system described the presence of activated T lymphocytes in peritoneal effluents (PE) from patients on chronic peritoneal dialysis (CPD), and showed that mesothelial cells (MC) can present antigens to T cells. In order to better define phenotypic and functional characteristics of T cells and their interactions with MC, we isolated PE cells from 15 children. At the immunophenotypic analysis, high percentages of activated T cells were identified (mean value: 15% double staining for CD3/DR; 12% CD25+). T cells with gamma/delta T cell receptor (mean 5%) and natural killer cells (mean 17%) were also present in elevated numbers. MC lines (n = 7) and interleukin-2-dependent T cell lines (9 CD4+; 1 CD8+) were also obtained by incubating PE cells under different conditions. Two cell lines showed a major histocompatibility complex (MHC) restricted cytotoxic activity against autologous MC; two lines killed allogeneic MC; one line killed both autologous and allogeneic MC. Although the hypothesis that activated T cells could kill MC after recognition of surface structures modified by dialysis fluid, or during antigen presentation, needs to be further investigated, our data suggest that the subsets of lymphocytes we identified could play an important role in the mechanisms of peritoneal membrane defense.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Advances in peritoneal dialysis. Conference on Peritoneal Dialysis|
|Publication status||Published - 1996|