Outpatient parents' views on shared-decision-making at an Italian children's hospital

Paola Rosati, Viviana Di Salvo, Roberto D'Amico, Sara Balduzzi, Rosaria Giampaolo, Mercedes Rita Marina Mazziotta, Cesare Guerra, Giovanna Menichella, Stefania P Cosentino, Cecilia Carlino, Vincenzo Di Ciommo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Information is lacking on what parents in southern European countries know and how they view clinical shared-decision-making (SDM) for their children. This survey assesses general parental views on SDM and patient-physician SDM relationships in an Italian paediatric outpatients' clinic. In a 3-month cross-sectional survey, we enrolled 458 consecutive native and foreign Italian-speaking parents bringing their children to our public hospital for various reasons. Parents completed an anonymous questionnaire exploring their general views on SDM, including what doctor-patient relationship predominates today, and what approach reassures them most. Multivariate logistic regression analysed outcome data from parental questionnaire answers. Results are reported as percentages, odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI). Multivariate logistic regression showed that 440 parents (96.1%) appreciated SDM, 245 (53.5%) preferred SDM for choosing children's treatment, 126 (27.5%) answered that SDM is the predominant relationship today, and most parents 275 (60.0%) felt reassured by SDM. More native than foreign Italian-speaking parents preferred SDM (97.0 vs 89.7%, OR = 3.8; 95% CI = 1.4-10.8). Highly-educated parents preferred SDM for choosing their child's therapy (57.9 vs 34.1%, OR = 2.7; 95% CI = 1.6-4.4) and this approach reassured them (64.3 vs 41.2%, OR = 2.5; 95% CI = 1.6-4.1). In conclusion, parents bringing children to an Italian outpatient clinic, especially highly-educated parents, wish to be offered SDM and find it reassuring. These findings should encourage paediatricians working in a challenging multicultural environment to change their physician-centred approach and engage parents in tailored SDM strategies.

Original languageEnglish
JournalHealth Promotion International
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - Jan 17 2017

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