Ovariectomy in the rat induces a rapid increase in the urinary excretion of hydroxylysine glycosides and non-reducible crosslink residues

E. Casari, M. Alfano, M. Valante, G. D. Clarke, G. Ferni, V. Grazioli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The ovariectomized rat is the most commonly used animal model of human postmenopausal osteoporosis, exhibiting a high rate of bone turnover with resorption exceeding formation. At present, bone turnover is quantified directly by dynamic histomorphometry. The aim of the present study was to determine whether the measurement of the urinary output of some specific bone collagen catabolites - pyridinolines and hydroxylysine glycosides - could be used to indirectly monitor the initial phase of bone turnover increase in ovariectomized 90-day-old rats. Ninety-day-old female rats were randomly divided into three groups (n = 6): ovariectomized, sham-operated and non-treated controls. Urine samples (24 h) were collected 6 days before surgery and twice weekly for the 4 weeks following ovariectomy. Urinary excretion of pyridinoline (PYD), deoxypyridinoline (DPD), glucosyl-galactosyl-hydroxylysine (GGHYL) and galactosyl-hydroxylysine (GHYL) were measured. As expected, ovariectomy was associated with a significant decrease in bone mineral density in both the proximal tibial and distal femoral metaphysis. Compared with both sham-operated and control animals, ovariectomized rats showed significant increases in PYD, GGHYL and GHYL urinary output 8 days after surgery and in DPD output after 15 days. These changes were maintained throughout the study. The results confirm that measurement of the urinary excretion of pyridinolines and hydroxylysine glycosides represents a powerful tool for detecting the onset of bone turnover in ovariectomized 90-day-old rats.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)539-543
Number of pages5
JournalOsteoporosis International
Volume7
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1997

Keywords

  • Bone turnover
  • Collagen
  • Hydroxylysine glycosides
  • Osteoporosis
  • Ovariectomy
  • Pyridinolines
  • Rat

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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