Overall survival with ribociclib plus endocrine therapy in breast cancer

S. A. Im, Y. S. Lu, A. Bardia, N. Harbeck, M. Colleoni, F. Franke, L. Chow, J. Sohn, K. S. Lee, S. Campos-Gomez, R. Villanueva-Vazquez, K. H. Jung, A. Chakravartty, G. Hughes, I. Gounaris, K. Rodriguez-Lorenc, T. Taran, S. Hurvitz, D. Tripathy

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: An earlier analysis of this phase 3 trial showed that the addition of a cyclin-dependent kinase 4 and 6 (CDK4/6) inhibitor to endocrine therapy provided a greater benefit with regard to progression-free survival than endocrine therapy alone in premenopausal or perimenopausal patients with advanced hormone-receptor-positive, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-negative breast cancer. Here we report the results of a protocol-specified interim analysis of the key secondary end point of overall survival. METHODS: We randomly assigned patients to receive either ribociclib or placebo in addition to endocrine therapy (goserelin and either a nonsteroidal aromatase inhibitor or tamoxifen). Overall survival was evaluated with the use of a stratified log-rank test and summarized with the use of Kaplan-Meier methods. RESULTS: A total of 672 patients were included in the intention-to-treat population. There were 83 deaths among 335 patients (24.8%) in the ribociclib group and 109 deaths among 337 patients (32.3%) in the placebo group. The addition of ribociclib to endocrine therapy resulted in significantly longer overall survival than endocrine therapy alone. The estimated overall survival at 42 months was 70.2% (95% confidence interval [CI], 63.5 to 76.0) in the ribociclib group and 46.0% (95% CI, 32.0 to 58.9) in the placebo group (hazard ratio for death, 0.71; 95% CI, 0.54 to 0.95; P = 0.00973 by log-rank test). The survival benefit seen in the subgroup of 495 patients who received an aromatase inhibitor was consistent with that in the overall intention-to-treat population (hazard ratio for death, 0.70; 95% CI, 0.50 to 0.98). The percentage of patients who received subsequent antineoplastic therapy was balanced between the groups (68.9% in the ribociclib group and 73.2% in the placebo group). The time from randomization to disease progression during receipt of second-line therapy or to death was also longer in the ribociclib group than in the placebo group (hazard ratio for disease progression or death, 0.69; 95% CI, 0.55 to 0.87). CONCLUSIONS: This trial showed significantly longer overall survival with a CDK4/6 inhibitor plus endocrine therapy than with endocrine therapy alone among patients with advanced hormone-receptor-positive, HER2-negative breast cancer. No new concerns regarding toxic effects emerged with longer follow-up.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)307-316
Number of pages10
JournalNew England Journal of Medicine
Volume381
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 25 2019

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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Im, S. A., Lu, Y. S., Bardia, A., Harbeck, N., Colleoni, M., Franke, F., Chow, L., Sohn, J., Lee, K. S., Campos-Gomez, S., Villanueva-Vazquez, R., Jung, K. H., Chakravartty, A., Hughes, G., Gounaris, I., Rodriguez-Lorenc, K., Taran, T., Hurvitz, S., & Tripathy, D. (2019). Overall survival with ribociclib plus endocrine therapy in breast cancer. New England Journal of Medicine, 381(4), 307-316. https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMoa1903765