Overexpression of multidrug resistance-associated p170-glycoprotein in acute non-lymphocytic leukemia

M. Michieli, D. Damiani, A. Geromin, A. Michelutti, R. Fanin, D. Raspadori, D. Russo, G. Visani, A. Dinota, S. Pileri, T. Tsuruo, M. Grandi, M. Baccarani, S. Tura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Resistance to several cytotoxic agents, including anthracyclines, vinca alkaloids and epipodophylline derivatives (multidrug resistance, or MDR) can develop in tumor cells by overexpression of a 170-kd glycoprotein (p 170) which is an essential component of a membrane transport system leading to increased drug efflux and decreased intracellular drug concentration. By means of a p170-directed monoclonal antibody (MRK-16) and immunocytochemistry (alkaline phosphatase anti-alkaline phosphatase technique), we investigated the expression of p170 in marrow blast cells of 59 cases (38 at diagnosis and 21 in relapse) of acute-non-lymphocytic leukemia (ANLL). The proportion of strongly MDR-positive cells was higher in relapse than at diagnosis (median 15.5% vs 1.5%). Out of 31 patients who were evaluable for the results of first remission induction, failure of first-line treatment (including Daunorubicin, standard-dose and high-dose Arabinosyl Cytosine, and sometimes also Mitoxantrone) occurred in 8/22 MDR-positive cases and in 1/9 MDR-negative ones (p = 0.21). Failure of first-line treatment was always associated with a progressive increase of p 170 expression. Total failures (no remission plus early relapse) were more frequent (p = 0.001) among MDR-positive cases (16/22) than among the others (2/9). These data show that MDR is very frequent in ANLL also at diagnosis and suggest that MDR can contribute to early failure of standard treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)87-92
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Journal of Haematology
Volume48
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1992

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

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