Overweight and obesity in 16 European countries

Silvano Gallus, Alessandra Lugo, Bojana Murisic, Cristina Bosetti, Paolo Boffetta, Carlo La Vecchia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

80 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: In Europe, only a few population-based studies have been conducted on obesity in different countries at the same time using homogeneous methodologies. We provide updated information on the prevalence of overweight and obesity in Europe, using data from a pan-European survey. Methods: We considered data from a representative cross-sectional study conducted in 2010 in 16 European countries (i.e., Albania, Austria, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Croatia, England, Finland, France, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Poland, Romania, Spain, and Sweden), using a uniform protocol and comparable methods, on a total of 14,685 adults (aged ≥18 years) providing information on self-reported height and weight. Results: Almost half of the interviewed European adults (47.6 %) were overweight or obese (54.5 % in men and 40.8 % in women), and 12.8 % (14.0 % in men and 11.5 % in women) were obese. Obesity prevalence was lower in Western/Southern (11.1 %) than in Central/Eastern (12.4 %) and Northern European countries (18.0 %). It ranged from 7.6 % in Italy to more than 20 % in Croatia (21.5 %) and England (20.1 %). Prevalence of obesity significantly increased with age and decreased with level of education. As compared to never smokers, obesity was less frequent in current smokers and more frequent in male, but not female, ex-smokers. Conclusions: The lowest prevalence of obesity was observed in Mediterranean countries, particularly in Italy and France. Intervention to control obesity in Europe should focus on subgroups with higher prevalence of obesity, including adults of lower socioeconomic status and male ex-smokers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)679-689
Number of pages11
JournalEuropean Journal of Nutrition
Volume54
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 5 2014

Fingerprint

Obesity
Italy
Croatia
England
France
Albania
Latvia
Bulgaria
Romania
Hungary
Austria
Czech Republic
Poland
Finland
Ireland
Sweden
Social Class
Spain
Cross-Sectional Studies
Education

Keywords

  • Europe
  • Obesity prevalence
  • Overweight
  • Pan-European survey

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Cite this

Overweight and obesity in 16 European countries. / Gallus, Silvano; Lugo, Alessandra; Murisic, Bojana; Bosetti, Cristina; Boffetta, Paolo; La Vecchia, Carlo.

In: European Journal of Nutrition, Vol. 54, No. 5, 05.08.2014, p. 679-689.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Gallus, S, Lugo, A, Murisic, B, Bosetti, C, Boffetta, P & La Vecchia, C 2014, 'Overweight and obesity in 16 European countries', European Journal of Nutrition, vol. 54, no. 5, pp. 679-689. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00394-014-0746-4
Gallus, Silvano ; Lugo, Alessandra ; Murisic, Bojana ; Bosetti, Cristina ; Boffetta, Paolo ; La Vecchia, Carlo. / Overweight and obesity in 16 European countries. In: European Journal of Nutrition. 2014 ; Vol. 54, No. 5. pp. 679-689.
@article{464561760c2b4d80973858458dcdb6da,
title = "Overweight and obesity in 16 European countries",
abstract = "Purpose: In Europe, only a few population-based studies have been conducted on obesity in different countries at the same time using homogeneous methodologies. We provide updated information on the prevalence of overweight and obesity in Europe, using data from a pan-European survey. Methods: We considered data from a representative cross-sectional study conducted in 2010 in 16 European countries (i.e., Albania, Austria, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Croatia, England, Finland, France, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Poland, Romania, Spain, and Sweden), using a uniform protocol and comparable methods, on a total of 14,685 adults (aged ≥18 years) providing information on self-reported height and weight. Results: Almost half of the interviewed European adults (47.6 {\%}) were overweight or obese (54.5 {\%} in men and 40.8 {\%} in women), and 12.8 {\%} (14.0 {\%} in men and 11.5 {\%} in women) were obese. Obesity prevalence was lower in Western/Southern (11.1 {\%}) than in Central/Eastern (12.4 {\%}) and Northern European countries (18.0 {\%}). It ranged from 7.6 {\%} in Italy to more than 20 {\%} in Croatia (21.5 {\%}) and England (20.1 {\%}). Prevalence of obesity significantly increased with age and decreased with level of education. As compared to never smokers, obesity was less frequent in current smokers and more frequent in male, but not female, ex-smokers. Conclusions: The lowest prevalence of obesity was observed in Mediterranean countries, particularly in Italy and France. Intervention to control obesity in Europe should focus on subgroups with higher prevalence of obesity, including adults of lower socioeconomic status and male ex-smokers.",
keywords = "Europe, Obesity prevalence, Overweight, Pan-European survey",
author = "Silvano Gallus and Alessandra Lugo and Bojana Murisic and Cristina Bosetti and Paolo Boffetta and {La Vecchia}, Carlo",
year = "2014",
month = "8",
day = "5",
doi = "10.1007/s00394-014-0746-4",
language = "English",
volume = "54",
pages = "679--689",
journal = "European Journal of Nutrition",
issn = "1436-6207",
publisher = "D. Steinkopff-Verlag",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Overweight and obesity in 16 European countries

AU - Gallus, Silvano

AU - Lugo, Alessandra

AU - Murisic, Bojana

AU - Bosetti, Cristina

AU - Boffetta, Paolo

AU - La Vecchia, Carlo

PY - 2014/8/5

Y1 - 2014/8/5

N2 - Purpose: In Europe, only a few population-based studies have been conducted on obesity in different countries at the same time using homogeneous methodologies. We provide updated information on the prevalence of overweight and obesity in Europe, using data from a pan-European survey. Methods: We considered data from a representative cross-sectional study conducted in 2010 in 16 European countries (i.e., Albania, Austria, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Croatia, England, Finland, France, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Poland, Romania, Spain, and Sweden), using a uniform protocol and comparable methods, on a total of 14,685 adults (aged ≥18 years) providing information on self-reported height and weight. Results: Almost half of the interviewed European adults (47.6 %) were overweight or obese (54.5 % in men and 40.8 % in women), and 12.8 % (14.0 % in men and 11.5 % in women) were obese. Obesity prevalence was lower in Western/Southern (11.1 %) than in Central/Eastern (12.4 %) and Northern European countries (18.0 %). It ranged from 7.6 % in Italy to more than 20 % in Croatia (21.5 %) and England (20.1 %). Prevalence of obesity significantly increased with age and decreased with level of education. As compared to never smokers, obesity was less frequent in current smokers and more frequent in male, but not female, ex-smokers. Conclusions: The lowest prevalence of obesity was observed in Mediterranean countries, particularly in Italy and France. Intervention to control obesity in Europe should focus on subgroups with higher prevalence of obesity, including adults of lower socioeconomic status and male ex-smokers.

AB - Purpose: In Europe, only a few population-based studies have been conducted on obesity in different countries at the same time using homogeneous methodologies. We provide updated information on the prevalence of overweight and obesity in Europe, using data from a pan-European survey. Methods: We considered data from a representative cross-sectional study conducted in 2010 in 16 European countries (i.e., Albania, Austria, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Croatia, England, Finland, France, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Poland, Romania, Spain, and Sweden), using a uniform protocol and comparable methods, on a total of 14,685 adults (aged ≥18 years) providing information on self-reported height and weight. Results: Almost half of the interviewed European adults (47.6 %) were overweight or obese (54.5 % in men and 40.8 % in women), and 12.8 % (14.0 % in men and 11.5 % in women) were obese. Obesity prevalence was lower in Western/Southern (11.1 %) than in Central/Eastern (12.4 %) and Northern European countries (18.0 %). It ranged from 7.6 % in Italy to more than 20 % in Croatia (21.5 %) and England (20.1 %). Prevalence of obesity significantly increased with age and decreased with level of education. As compared to never smokers, obesity was less frequent in current smokers and more frequent in male, but not female, ex-smokers. Conclusions: The lowest prevalence of obesity was observed in Mediterranean countries, particularly in Italy and France. Intervention to control obesity in Europe should focus on subgroups with higher prevalence of obesity, including adults of lower socioeconomic status and male ex-smokers.

KW - Europe

KW - Obesity prevalence

KW - Overweight

KW - Pan-European survey

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84937519218&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84937519218&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s00394-014-0746-4

DO - 10.1007/s00394-014-0746-4

M3 - Article

VL - 54

SP - 679

EP - 689

JO - European Journal of Nutrition

JF - European Journal of Nutrition

SN - 1436-6207

IS - 5

ER -