Overweight and obesity in Italian adults 2004, and an overview of trends since 1983

S. Gallus, P. Colombo, V. Scarpino, P. Zuccaro, E. Negri, G. Apolone, C. La Vecchia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

68 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: Overweight has been increasing in several developed countries over the last few decades. No update information on the issue is available for Italy. Design and setting: We conducted a computer assisted personal in-house interview survey in March-April 2004, on a sample of 2932 Italian individuals (1407 men and 1525 women) aged 18 years or over, representative of the general adult Italian population. Information on weight and height was self-reported. Results: Overall, 3.4% of the Italian adult population were underweight (2, 0.9% of men and 5.8% of women), 31.3% were overweight (25.0-29.9kg/m2, 38.4% of men, 24.7% of women), and 8.2% were obese (≥30.0kg/m2, 7.4% of men and 8.9% of women). Overweight or obesity was reported by 14.2% of subjects aged 18-24 years (20.6% of men and 7.6% of women). The highest proportions of overweight and obese subjects were in the 45-64 year age group for men (51.4% overweight, 10.0% obese) and in the ≥65 year age group for women (38.8% overweight, 13.8% obese). Age- and sex-standardised prevalence of overweight or obesity was 36.0% for more educated subjects, and 54.0% for less educated ones. It was 32.3% in northern, 44.3% in central and 47.0% in southern Italy. Overweight increased from 1983 to the early 1990s, and levelled off thereafter. Prevalence of obesity remained around 8-9% across the last 20 years. Conclusions: Trends of overweight and obesity in Italy are more favourable than in several developed countries. Still, approximately 15 million of Italian adults are overweight and 4 million obese.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1174-1179
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Volume60
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2006

Fingerprint

obesity
Obesity
Italy
Developed Countries
developed countries
Age Groups
underweight
Thinness
Microcomputers
Population
interviews
Interviews
Weights and Measures
gender

Keywords

  • National survey
  • Obesity
  • Overweight
  • Prevalence
  • Underweight

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Food Science

Cite this

Overweight and obesity in Italian adults 2004, and an overview of trends since 1983. / Gallus, S.; Colombo, P.; Scarpino, V.; Zuccaro, P.; Negri, E.; Apolone, G.; La Vecchia, C.

In: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Vol. 60, No. 10, 10.2006, p. 1174-1179.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Gallus, S. ; Colombo, P. ; Scarpino, V. ; Zuccaro, P. ; Negri, E. ; Apolone, G. ; La Vecchia, C. / Overweight and obesity in Italian adults 2004, and an overview of trends since 1983. In: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2006 ; Vol. 60, No. 10. pp. 1174-1179.
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AU - Gallus, S.

AU - Colombo, P.

AU - Scarpino, V.

AU - Zuccaro, P.

AU - Negri, E.

AU - Apolone, G.

AU - La Vecchia, C.

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AB - Objective: Overweight has been increasing in several developed countries over the last few decades. No update information on the issue is available for Italy. Design and setting: We conducted a computer assisted personal in-house interview survey in March-April 2004, on a sample of 2932 Italian individuals (1407 men and 1525 women) aged 18 years or over, representative of the general adult Italian population. Information on weight and height was self-reported. Results: Overall, 3.4% of the Italian adult population were underweight (2, 0.9% of men and 5.8% of women), 31.3% were overweight (25.0-29.9kg/m2, 38.4% of men, 24.7% of women), and 8.2% were obese (≥30.0kg/m2, 7.4% of men and 8.9% of women). Overweight or obesity was reported by 14.2% of subjects aged 18-24 years (20.6% of men and 7.6% of women). The highest proportions of overweight and obese subjects were in the 45-64 year age group for men (51.4% overweight, 10.0% obese) and in the ≥65 year age group for women (38.8% overweight, 13.8% obese). Age- and sex-standardised prevalence of overweight or obesity was 36.0% for more educated subjects, and 54.0% for less educated ones. It was 32.3% in northern, 44.3% in central and 47.0% in southern Italy. Overweight increased from 1983 to the early 1990s, and levelled off thereafter. Prevalence of obesity remained around 8-9% across the last 20 years. Conclusions: Trends of overweight and obesity in Italy are more favourable than in several developed countries. Still, approximately 15 million of Italian adults are overweight and 4 million obese.

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