Oxaliplatin and protracted continuous 5-fluorouracil infusion in patients with pretreated advanced colorectal carcinoma

A. Martoni, E. Mini, C. Pinto, S. Nobili, A. L. Gentile, P. Dentico, B. Angelelli, S. Scicolone, E. Piana, T. Mazzei

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Both OHP and 5-FU are clinically active as single agents in the treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer (MCRC). Clinical and laboratory studies suggest a synergistic interaction between these agents. This phase II study was performed to evaluate the activity of a schedule including OHP and protracted 5-FU infusion in 5-FU-resistant MCRC. Patients and methods: From October 1997 to January 2000, 50 patients with measurable progressive MCRC after one or more 5-FU-based regimens were treated. OHP (2-3-hour i.v. infusion) on day 1 and 5-FU (protracted i.v. infusion using elastomeric/electronic pump through a central venous catheter) on days 1-21 were administered every 3 weeks, at the following 4 dose levels: 1) OHP 100 mg/m2 + 5-FU 200 mg/m2 (21 patients); 2) OHP 100 mg/m2 + 5-FU 250 mg/m2 (3 patients); 3) OHP 130 mg/m2 + 5-FU 200 mg/m2 (10 patients); 4) OHP 130 mg/m2 + 5-FU 250 mg/m2 (16 patients). [Results: Objective responses were 1 (2%) CR; 10 (20%) PR, for a median duration of 8 months; 23 (46%) stable diseases, for a median duration of 6 months; 16 (32%) progressions. CR + PR was higher in patients who had previously received no more than one line of chemotherapy for metastatic disease as compared with patients who had received two or more lines of therapy (33% vs 5% P <0.01). The median time to progression was four months (one to nine). All dose levels (313 cycles) were well tolerated with mild toxicity. Major toxicity (grade 3 WHO) included: anaemia in 1 patient (2%), nausea and vomiting in 1 patient (2%), diarrhoea in 4 patients (8%) and stomatitis in 1 patient (2%); grade 1 and 2 peripheral neuropathy were encountered, respectively, in 30 (60%) and 8 (16%) patients. The median survival was 13 months (9-17), with 32 patients still alive after a median follow-up of 8 months. Conclusions: This study suggests that 1) OHP plus protracted 5-FU infusion is an active combination in MCRC patients resistant to pre-treatment bolus 5-FU; 2) it has a good tolerability profile and 3) the optimum dose level is OHP 130 mg/m2 and 5-FU 250 mg/m2.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)519-524
Number of pages6
JournalAnnals of Oncology
Volume12
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001

Keywords

  • 5-Fluorouracil
  • Colorectal carcinoma
  • Oxaliplatin
  • Protracted i.v. infusion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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    Martoni, A., Mini, E., Pinto, C., Nobili, S., Gentile, A. L., Dentico, P., Angelelli, B., Scicolone, S., Piana, E., & Mazzei, T. (2001). Oxaliplatin and protracted continuous 5-fluorouracil infusion in patients with pretreated advanced colorectal carcinoma. Annals of Oncology, 12(4), 519-524. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1011103213297