Oxidative stress and gut-derived lipopolysaccharides in children affected by paediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorders associated with streptococcal infections

Lorenzo Loffredo, Alberto Spalice, Francesca Salvatori, Giovanna De Castro, Cristiana Alessia Guido, Anna Maria Zicari, Paolo Ciacci, Simona Battaglia, Giulia Brindisi, Evaristo Ettorre, Cristina Nocella, Guglielmo Salvatori, Marzia Duse, Francesco Violi, Roberto Carnevale

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Paediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorders associated with streptococcal infections syndrome (PANDAS) identifies patients with acute onset of obsessive-compulsive and tic disorders. The objective of this study was to evaluate serum NOX2 levels, as well as 8-iso-prostaglandin F2α (8-iso-PGF2α) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) of PANDAS patients. Methods: In this study we wanted to compare serum levels of soluble NOX2-dp (sNOX-2-dp), iso-PGF2α and LPS in 60 consecutive subjects, including 30 children affected by PANDAS and 30 controls (CT) matched for age and gender. Serum zonulin was used as intestinal permeability assay. Results: Compared with CT, PANDAS children had increased serum levels of sNOX-2-dp, 8-iso-PGF2α and LPS. Bivariate analysis showed that serum sNOX2-dp was significantly correlated with LPS (Rs = 0.359; p = 0.005), zonulin (Rs = 0.444; p < 0.001) and 8-iso-PGF2α (Rs = 0.704; p < 0.001). Serum LPS significantly correlated with zonulin (Rs = 0.610; p < 0.001), and 8-iso-PGF2α (Rs = 0.591; p = 0.001). Finally, a multiple linear regression analysis showed that serum 8-iso-PGF2α and zonulin were the only independent variables associated with sNOX2-dp (R2 = 68%). Conclusion: This study shows that children affected by PANDAS have high circulating levels of sNOX2-dp, isoprostanes and of LPS that could be involved in the process of neuroinflammation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number127
JournalBMC Pediatrics
Volume20
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 18 2020

Keywords

  • LPS
  • NADPH oxidase
  • NOX2
  • Oxidative stress
  • PANDAS
  • PANS

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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