Increased production of tumor necrosis factor α (TNF) in the bone marrow (BM) in response to both oxidative stress and T cell activation contributes to the bone loss induced by estrogen deficiency, but it is presently unknown whether oxidative stress causes bone loss through T cells. Here we show that ovariectomy causes an accumulation in the BM of reactive oxygen species, which leads to increased production of TNF by activated T cells through upregulation of the costimulatory molecule CD80 on dendritic cells. Accordingly, bone loss is prevented by treatment of ovariectomized mice with either antioxidants or CTLA4-Ig, an inhibitor of the CD80/CD28 pathway. In summary, reactive oxygen species accumulation in the BM is an upstream consequence of ovariectomy that leads to bone loss by activating T cells through enhanced activity of BM dendritic cells, and these findings suggest that the CD80/CD28 pathway may represent a therapeutic target for postmenopausal bone loss.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|Publication status||Published - Sep 18 2007|
- Reactive oxygen species
- T cells
- Tumor necrosis factor
ASJC Scopus subject areas