Atherogenesis involves several aspects of chronic inflammation and wound healing. Indeed, the atheroma is considered a special case of tissue response to injury. Injurious stimuli may include lipoproteins trapped within lesions where protein and lipid moieties have undergone chemical modifications. We have studied the effect of oxidized low density lipoproteins (ox-LDL) on inducible cyclooxygenase (Cox-2) in human monocyte-derived macrophages exposed to bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Levels of both Cox-2 and constitutive cyclooxygenase (Cox-1) were assessed using Western blot analysis. Prior incubation of macrophages with ox-LDL resulted in a strong inhibition of Cox-2 induced by LPS, without effect on Cox-1. The inhibitory effect was dependent on ox-LDL concentration and its onset was early in time (already detectable 1 hour after macrophage exposure to ox-LDL). Native LDL, and other forms of modified LDL, were without effect. The inhibition was dependent on endocytosis of ox-LDL and could be reproduced using the lipid extract from ox-LDL. Lysophosphatidylcholine, 7β-hydroxycholesterol, and 7- oxocholesterol failed to mimic the inhibition, but oxidized arachidonic acid- containing phospholipids, produced by autoxidation of 1-palmitoyl-2- arachidonoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine, markedly inhibited Cox-2. The observation that ox-LDL downregulates Cox-2 in human macrophages may explain the fact that, within atheromata, the transformation of macrophages into foam cells results in attenuation of the inflammatory response, thus contributing to progression of atherogenesis.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology|
|Publication status||Published - 1999|
- Oxidized lipoproteins
- Oxidized phospholipids
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine