Oxygen saturation and heart rate monitoring during a single session of early rehabilitation after cardiac surgery

Vittorio Sala, Lucia Petrucci, Serena Monteleone, Anna Dall'angelo, Stefania Miracca, Teresa Conte, Ettore Carlisi, Susanna Ricotti, Andrea M. D'armini, Elena Dalla Toffola

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


BACKGROUND: Early rehabilitation after cardiac surgery aims to prevent immobilization, to reduce the effects of surgery on the respiratory function and to facilitate the recovery of autonomy in the activities of daily living (ADL), after discharge. Nevertheless the optimal perioperative physical therapy care for patients undergoing cardiac surgery is not well established. Moreover, most of the studies monitored peripheral oxygen saturation (SpO2) and heart rate (HR) during surgery or focused only on their recovery after rehabilitation and not on their pathways during a session of exercises. Aim: To monitor peripheral oxygen saturation and HR before, during and at the end of a single session of early rehabilitation after cardiac surgery, so testing our protocol's safety. Design: A case series. Setting: Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, inpatients. Population : Forty-eight consecutive inpatients (35 M), mean age 61 years, with cardiovascular disease (CVD), who underwent cardiac surgery. Methods: We monitored SpO2%, HR, systemic blood pressure (BP), pain in the thoracic wound (VAS) and rate of perceived exertion (RPE) during the rehabilitation session after weaning from oxygen therapy. Results : During all phases mean SpO2 was 94% (±1.8) and mean HR was 85 bpm (±13.3). Number of desaturation events were 14 in total and mean of % of time with SpO2

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12-19
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2016


  • Heart rate
  • Oximetry
  • Rehabilitation
  • Safety

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation


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