The purpose of this case study is to describe the physiological characteristics of a patient with the low-oxygen affinity Titusville hemoglobin variant. A 46-yr-old man with exertional dyspnea was diagnosed with a mediastinal lymphadenopathy of unknown origin and, to obtain definitive diagnosis by biopsy, underwent endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspirate under sedation and video-assisted thoracoscopy under general anesthesia. High inspired fraction of oxygen ( formula presented ) was used to guarantee adequate oxygenation even during the one-lung ventilation needed for thoracoscopy. Following radial and pulmonary arterial catheterization, continuous mixed-venous oxygen saturation ( formula presented ), cardiac output, oxygen delivery (DO2), oxygen consumption (V̇o2), and oxygen extraction ratio (ERO2) were measured. Serial blood gas analyses were obtained at different formula presented . Anesthesia and surgery were carried out safely. Data obtained during the clinical case were utilized to 1) construct an in vivo Titusville hemoglobin dissociation curve and 2) describe oxygen delivery and consumption of a human with Titusville mutation. Titusville hemoglobin showed relatively high P50 (i.e., 30 vs. normal of 27) and very low cooperativity (Hill coefficient of 1.45 vs. normal 2.27), which was compensated in our patient by increases in cardiac output, rather than by augmenting oxygen extraction.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of applied physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985)|
|Publication status||Published - Apr 1 2019|
- case report
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physiology (medical)