P140Cap dual regulation of E-cadherin/EGFR cross-talk and Ras signalling in tumour cell scatter and proliferation

L. Damiano, P. Di Stefano, M. P. Camacho Leal, M. Barba, F. Mainiero, S. Cabodi, L. Tordella, A. Sapino, I. Castellano, M. Canel, M. Frame, E. Turco, P. Defilippi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The adaptor protein p140Cap/SNIP is a novel Src-binding protein that regulates Src activation through C-terminal Src kinase (Csk). Here, by gain and loss of function approaches in breast and colon cancer cells, we report that p140Cap immobilizes E-cadherin at the cell membrane and inhibits EGFR and Erk1/2 signalling, blocking scatter and proliferation of cancer cells. p140Cap-dependent regulation of E-cadherin/EGFR cross-talk and cell motility is due to the inhibition of Src kinase. However, rescue of Src activity is not sufficient to restore Erk1/2 phosphorylation and proliferation. Indeed, p140Cap also impairs Erk1/2 phosphorylation by affecting Ras activity, downstream to the EGFR. In conclusion, p140Cap stabilizes adherens junctions and inhibits EGFR and Ras signalling through the dual control of both Src and Ras activities, thus affecting crucial cancer properties such as invasion and growth. Interestingly, p140Cap expression is lost in more aggressive human breast cancers, showing an inverse correlation with EGFR expression. Therefore, p140Cap mechanistically behaves as a tumour suppressor that inhibits signalling pathways leading to aggressive phenotypes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3677-3690
Number of pages14
JournalOncogene
Volume29
Issue number25
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 24 2010

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cancer Research
  • Genetics

Cite this

Damiano, L., Di Stefano, P., Camacho Leal, M. P., Barba, M., Mainiero, F., Cabodi, S., Tordella, L., Sapino, A., Castellano, I., Canel, M., Frame, M., Turco, E., & Defilippi, P. (2010). P140Cap dual regulation of E-cadherin/EGFR cross-talk and Ras signalling in tumour cell scatter and proliferation. Oncogene, 29(25), 3677-3690. https://doi.org/10.1038/onc.2010.128