In this work, we mainly used the organotypic model of rat hippocampus to demonstrate the protective role of the P2 receptor antagonist trinitrophenyl-adenosine-triphosphate (TNP-ATP) during oxygen/glucose deprivation. Among the P2X receptors that TNP-ATP specifically blocks, mainly P2X1 seems to be involved in the processes of cell damage after oxygen/glucose deprivation. P2X1 receptor is strongly and transiently up-regulated in 24 h after an ischemic insult on structures likely corresponding to mossy fibers and Schaffer collaterals of CA1-3 and dentate gyrus. Furthermore, P2X1 receptor is downregulated by pharmacological treatment with TNP-ATP, which is also found neuroprotective against ischemic cell death. Morphological studies conducted through immunofluorescence and confocal analysis in primary organotypic, in dissociated cultures, and in adult rat in vivo demonstrated the neuronal colocalization of P2X1 protein with neurofilament light chain and neuronal nuclei immunoreactivity in myelinated and unmyelinated fibers of both granular and pyramidal neurons. In conclusion, with this work, we proved the neuronal distribution of P2X 1 receptor in hippocampus, and we presented evidence for a potential disadvantageous role of its expression during the path of in vitro ischemia.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics|
|Publication status||Published - Oct 2007|
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