Background and Purpose: The tumor-suppressor gene TP53 and the proto- oncogene bcl-2 encode, respectively, for a nuclear phosphoprotein and for a mitochondrial protein involved in multiple cellular functions. The proteins provide prognostic information in node-negative breast cancer and are supposed to influence treatment responsiveness. We analyzed the predictive role of p53 and bcl-2 expression, alone and in association with other variables, in postmenopausal women with node-positive, estrogen receptor- positive (ER+) breast cancers treated with radical or conservative surgery plus radiotherapy and adjuvant tamoxifen for at least 1 year. Patients and Methods: On 240 resectable cancers, we determined the expression of p53 and bcl-2, using immunohistochemistry, cell proliferation (3H-thymidine labeling index [3H-dT LI]), and ER and progesterone receptors (PgR). Results: p53 expression and 3H-dT LI were weakly related to one another and both were unrelated to bcl-2. Relapse-free and distant metastasis-free survival at 5 years were significantly lower for patients with tumors that highly expressed p53 (P = .0001) and for those that weakly expressed or did not express bcl-2 (P = .02). However, p53, but not bcl-2, provided prognostic information independent of tumor size, axillary node involvement, steroid receptors, and 3H-dT U. Moreover, the simultaneous p53 overexpression and lack of PgR identified patients at maximum risk of relapse, whereas bcl-2 overexpression, associated with a low 3H-dT LI or the presence of PgR, improved the prognostic resolution for low-risk patients. Conclusion: p53 expression appears to be indicative of clinical outcome in postmenopausal patients treated with tamoxifen. Whether p53 overexpression and weak bcl-2 expression are indicators of biologic aggressiveness, regardless of treatment, or of hormone resistance remains to be defined.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Clinical Oncology|
|Publication status||Published - May 1996|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research