p53 Inhibits α6β4 integrin survival signaling by promoting the caspase 3-dependent cleavage of AKT/PKB

Robin E. Bachelder, Mark J. Ribick, Alessandra Marchetti, Rita Falcioni, Silvia Soddu, Kathryn R. Davis, Arthur M. Mercurio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Although the interaction of matrix proteins with integrins is known to initiate signaling pathways that are essential for cell survival, a role for tumor suppressors in the regulation of these pathways has not been established. We demonstrate here that p53 can inhibit the survival function of integrins by inducing the caspase-dependent cleavage and inactivation of the serine/threonine kinase AKT/PKB. Specifically, we show that the α6β4 integrin promotes the survival of p53-deficient carcinoma cells by activating AKT/PKB. In contrast, this integrin does not activate AKT/PKB in carcinoma cells that express Wild-type p53 and it actually stimulates their apoptosis, in agreement with our previous findings (Bachelder, R.E., A. Marchetti, R. Falcioni, S. Soddu, and A.M. Mercurio. 1999. J. Biol. Chem. 274:20733-20737). Interestingly, we observed reduced levels of AKT/PKB protein after antibody clustering of α6β4 in carcinoma cells that express wild-type p53. In contrast, α6β4 clustering did not reduce the level of AKT/PKB in carcinoma cells that lack functional p53. The involvement of caspase 3 in AKT/PKB regulation was indicated by the ability of Z-DEVD-FMK, a caspase 3 inhibitor, to block the α6β4-associated reduction in AKT/PKB levels in vivo, and by the ability of recombinant caspase 3 to promote the cleavage of AKT/PKB in vitro. In addition, the ability of α6β4 to activate AKT/PKB could be restored in p53 wild-type carcinoma cells by inhibiting caspase 3 activity. These studies demonstrate that the p53 tumor suppressor can inhibit integrin- associated survival signaling pathways.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1063-1072
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Cell Biology
Volume147
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 29 1999

Keywords

  • AKT/PKB
  • Caspase
  • Integrin
  • p53
  • Survival

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology

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