Purpose: To analyze the effect of different doses of paclitaxel with fixed doses of carboplatin in the treatment of ovarian cancer. Patients and Methods: Patients with histologically confirmed epithelial ovarian cancer, International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stages IlB to IV, were eligible for this randomized, multicenter study. Women were randomly assigned to treatment with (1) carboplatin at the dose (in milligrams) corresponding to the following formula: target area under the free carboplatin plasma concentration versus time curve (AUC) = 6 × (glomerular filtration rate + 25) mg/m2 (AUC6) plus paclitaxel 175 mg/m2 for six cycles every 21 days or (2) carboplatin AUC6 plus paclitaxel 225 mg/m2 for six cycles every 21 days. A total of 502 women entered the study. Results: Pathologic complete response was documented in 132 patients (63.8%) in the 175 mg/m2 group and in 127 cases (55.7%) in the 225 mg/m2 group (χ2 P = .090). The 4-year progression-free survival rate was 41.5% (SE = 3.5) in the 175-mg group and 39.2% (SE = 3.5) in the 225-mg group. The corresponding 4-year survival rates were 46.2% (based on 115 deaths) and 47.3% (based on 113 deaths), respectively. Conclusion: This randomized trial suggests that paclitaxel 175 mg/m2 plus carboplatin AUC6 is the schedule with a more favorable profile than paclitaxel 225 mg/m2 plus carboplatin AUC6.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research