Paediatric HIV infection in Western Africa: The long way to the standard of care

Hyppolite K. Tchidjou, Alessandra Maria Martino, Louis Philippe K Goli, Maïmouna Diop Ly, Leo Zekeng, Mamadou Samba, Stefano Maiolo, Paolo Palma, Giuseppe Pontrelli, Giorgio Mancino, Paolo Rossi, Vittorio Colizzi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In sub-Saharan Africa, newborns and children continue to suffer from insufficient access to early diagnosis and antiretroviral (ARV) treatments. A survey had been conducted in Burkina Faso, Ghana and Ivory Coast, from January 2010 to February 2011 to identify the major challenges regarding HIV prophylaxis and treatment of children in western Africa. The results of this survey highlight that only a small proportion of HIV-exposed newborns receive ARV prophylaxis. However, this problem is often not perceived at the national level. The problem could be faced by improving the communication process between the peripheral health services and the national procurement system. Moreover, supporting the development of local pharmaceutical industries could facilitate the availability of child-sized drugs, contextualized to the socio-cultural needs of such area, adequate not only in terms of efficacy, safety and tolerability, but also in terms of palatability, storage, distribution and cost.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberfms015
Pages (from-to)451-456
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Tropical Pediatrics
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2012


  • HIV
  • Pediatric
  • Prophylaxis
  • Treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Infectious Diseases


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