BACKGROUND: The Italian Registry of Thrombosis in Children (RITI) was established by a multidisciplinary team with the aims of improving knowledge about neonatal and paediatric thrombotic events in Italy and providing a preliminary source of data for the future development of specific clinical trials and diagnostic-therapeutic protocols.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analysed the subset of RITI data concerning paediatric systemic venous thromboembolic events that occurred between January 2007 and June 2013.
RESULTS: Eighty-five deep venous thromboses and seven pulmonary emboli were registered in the RITI. A prevalence peak was observed in children aged 10 to 18 years and, unexpectedly, in children aged 1 to 5 years. A central venous line was the main risk factor (55% of venous thromboembolic events); surgery (not cardiac) (25%), concomitant infections (23%) and malignancy (22%) were the clinical conditions most often associated with the onset of venous thromboembolism. There was a diagnostic delay of more than 24 hours in 37% of the venous thromboembolic events. Doppler ultrasound was the most widely used test for the objective diagnosis of deep venous thrombosis (87%). Antithrombotic therapy was administered in 96% of venous thromboembolic events, mainly low molecular weight heparin (60%). In 2% of cases recurrences occurred, while post-thrombotic syndrome developed in 8.5% of cases.
DISCUSSION: Although the data from the RITI are largely in agreement with published data, peaks of prevalence of thrombosis, risk factors and objective tests used for the diagnosis showed some peculiarities which may deserve attention.