PAF mediates neutrophil adhesion to thrombin or TNF-stimulated endothelial cells under shear stress

D. Macconi, M. Foppolo, S. Paris, M. Noris, S. Aiello, G. Remuzzi, A. Remuzzi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Platelet-activating factor (PAF) is known to modulate polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMN) adhesion to endothelial cells cultured under static conditions and activated by thrombin. In contrast, there are no data on the role of PAF in PMN adhesion to cells exposed to flow conditions and activated by stimuli other than thrombin. Here we used the PAF receptor antagonist L- 659,989 to evaluate PMN adhesion to human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) in basal conditions or upon challenge with thrombin or tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α). Experiments were performed under dynamic flow using a parallel-plate flow chamber and a computer-based image analysis system. Rolling and adhesion of PMNs to endothelial cells significantly increased upon stimulation with thrombin. Thrombin-stimulated HUVEC also synthesized higher amounts of PAF than untreated cells. Pretreatment of PMNs with L- 659,989 significantly reduced their rolling and adhesion to thrombin- activated HUVEC. Stimulation of HUVEC with TNF-α significantly increased the number of rolling and adherent PMNs as compared with untreated cells. Adhesion of PMNs to and migration across TNF-α-stimulated HUVEC were reduced by L-659,989, whereas cell rolling was unchanged. We conclude that PAF mediates leukocyte interaction under flow conditions with HUVEC activated by inflammatory stimuli.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Cell Physiology
Volume269
Issue number1 38-1
Publication statusPublished - 1995

Keywords

  • dynamic flow conditions
  • leukocyte
  • vascular endothelium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Physiology
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

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