Paget disease of bone-associated UBA domain mutations of SQSTM1 exert distinct effects on protein structure and function

Alice Goode, Jed E. Long, Barry Shaw, Stuart H. Ralston, Micaela Rios Visconti, Fernando Gianfrancesco, Teresa Esposito, Luigi Gennari, Daniela Merlotti, Domenico Rendina, Sarah L. Rea, Melanie Sultana, Mark S. Searle, Robert Layfield

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

SQSTM1 mutations are common in patients with Paget disease of bone (PDB), with most affecting the C-terminal ubiquitin-associated (UBA) domain of the SQSTM1 protein. We performed structural and functional analyses of two UBA domain mutations, an I424S mutation relatively common in UK PDB patients, and an A427D mutation associated with a severe phenotype in Southern Italian patients. Both impaired SQSTM1's ubiquitin-binding function in pull-down assays and resulted in activation of basal NF-κB signalling, compared to wild-type, in reporter assays. We found evidence for a relationship between the ability of different UBA domain mutants to activate NF-κB signalling in vitro and number of affected sites in vivo in 1152 PDB patients from the UK and Italy, with A427D-SQSTM1 producing the greatest level of activation (relative to wild-type) of all PDB mutants tested to date. NMR and isothermal titration calorimetry studies were able to demonstrate that I424S is associated with global structural changes in the UBA domain, resulting in 10-fold weaker UBA dimer stability than wild-type and reduced ubiquitin-binding affinity of the UBA monomer. Our observations provide insights into the role of SQSTM1-mediated NF-κB signalling in PDB aetiology, and demonstrate that different mutations in close proximity within loop 2/helix 3 of the SQSTM1 UBA domain exert distinct effects on protein structure and stability, including indirect effects at the UBA/ubiquitin-binding interface.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)992-1000
Number of pages9
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular Basis of Disease
Volume1842
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • NF-κB
  • P62
  • Paget disease of bone
  • Sequestosome 1
  • SQSTM1
  • Ubiquitin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Molecular Medicine

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