Schmerzverhalten, partnerreaktionen und somatosensorisch evozierte potentiale chronischer schmerzpatienten bei akuten schmerztests

Translated title of the contribution: Pain behaviors, spouse responses and somatosensory evoked potentials of chronic pain patients during acute pain tests

Bärbel Knost, Herta Flor, Niels Birbaumer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Twenty chronic back pain patients and 10 matched healthy controls participated in a study that assessed pain behavior, spouse responses and somatosensory evoked potentials during an ischemic pain test or daring painful electric stimulation of the back and the finger. Patients whose spouses showed high levels of solicitousness during the ischemic pain test displayed more pain behaviors. During the electric pain test these patients responded with elevated somatosensory evoked potentials which were assessed as global field power of the EEG. The elevated response was only present for the back stimulation. These results confirm important aspects of the operant theory of pain and extend the results to the electrocortical level. Moreover, they demonstrate that verbal and non-verbal pain behavior as well as physiological pain reactions can be operantly modified.

Original languageGerman
Pages (from-to)242-247
Number of pages6
JournalZeitschrift fur Klinische Psychologie
Volume28
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1999

Fingerprint

Somatosensory Evoked Potentials
Acute Pain
Spouses
Chronic Pain
Pain
Back Pain
Electric Stimulation
Fingers
Electroencephalography

Keywords

  • Chronic low back pain
  • Operant model
  • Pain behavior
  • SEP
  • Spouse response

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Schmerzverhalten, partnerreaktionen und somatosensorisch evozierte potentiale chronischer schmerzpatienten bei akuten schmerztests. / Knost, Bärbel; Flor, Herta; Birbaumer, Niels.

In: Zeitschrift fur Klinische Psychologie, Vol. 28, No. 4, 1999, p. 242-247.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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