Palliative treatment of esophageal tumors

R. Lapenta, D. Assisi, A. Grassi, V. Lauria, V. Stigliano, V. Casale

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In malignant dysphagia expandable metal stents are commonly used as palliative treatment, but early and late complications and the improvement of dysphagia have not been well described. This report summarizes our experience with expandable metal stents for malignant dysphagia. From 1995 to 2000, we placed 38 metal stents in 36 patients with malignant dysphagia from unresectable esophageal cancer (94.4%). Dysphagia scores, complications and modality of reintervention were evaluated. Dysphagia scores decreased from 3.2 before the stent placement to 2. Immediate complications occured in one patient because of severe pain, it was not possible to perform endoscopic treatments. Other complications included tracheoesophageal fistula (2 patients), tumor overgrowth (5 patients), new stent placements (2 patients), dislocation (2 patients). In conclusions expandable metal stents are safe and effective in the treatment of malignant dysphagia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)503-507
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Experimental and Clinical Cancer Research
Volume21
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2002

Keywords

  • Esophageal Tumor
  • Expandable metal stents
  • Palliative treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

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