Pan-echinocandin-resistant candida glabrata bloodstream infection complicating covid-19: A fatal case report

Brunella Posteraro, Riccardo Torelli, Antonietta Vella, Paolo Maria Leone, Giulia De Angelis, Elena De Carolis, Giulio Ventura, Maurizio Sanguinetti, Massimo Fantoni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Coinfections with bacteria or fungi may be a frequent complication of COVID-19, but coinfections with Candida species in COVID-19 patients remain rare. We report the 53-day clinical course of a complicated type-2 diabetes patient diagnosed with COVID-19, who developed bloodstream infections initially due to methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, secondly due to multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacteria, and lastly due to a possibly fatal Candida glabrata. The development of FKS-associated pan-echinocandin resistance in the C. glabrata isolated from the patient after 13 days of caspofungin treatment aggravated the situation. The patient died of septic shock shortly before the prospect of receiving potentially effective antifungal therapy. This case emphasizes the importance of early diagnosis and monitoring for antimicrobial drug-resistant coinfections to reduce their unfavorable outcomes in COVID-19 patients.

Original languageEnglish
Article number163
Pages (from-to)1-11
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Fungi
Volume6
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2020

Keywords

  • Bloodstream infection
  • Candida glabrata
  • Coinfection
  • Diabetes
  • Echinocandin resistance
  • FKS mutation
  • SARS-CoV-2

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Plant Science
  • Microbiology (medical)

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