Pancreatitis in hispanic patients with cystic fibrosis carrying the R334W mutation

Patrick Maisonneuve, Preston Campbell, Peter Durie, Albert B. Lowenfels

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background & Aims: Cystic fibrosis (CF) results from abnormal production of sticky mucus, which obstructs many organs. In most cases, the pancreas is severely compromised, but 10%-15% of patients with CF have pancreas sufficiency (PS) and are subject to develop pancreatitis. The aim of this study is to determine which specific genotypes lead to the development of pancreatitis in patients with CF. Methods: We used prospective data collected by the Cystic Fibrosis Foundation and performed a nested case-control study with all patients who reported at least 1 episode of pancreatitis constituting the cases. We used logistic regression to assess the association between pancreatitis and genotype and the Kaplan-Meier method to estimate the cumulative incidence of pancreatitis for selected genotypes. Results: Three hundred sixty-four of 17,871 genotyped patients with CF (2.0%) reported at least 1 episode of pancreatitis. Only 0.9% of 12,997 patients with genotypes generally associated with pancreas insufficiency reported pancreatitis against 11.9% of 868 patients carrying at least 1 mild CF mutation generally associated with PS. The greatest rate of pancreatitis (19.0%) was observed for patients carrying an R334W mutation: 48% of these 79 patients were Hispanic and 13 patients were living in Puerto Rico. Conclusions: Of all patients with CF, those carrying an R334W mutation have the greatest risk for developing pancreatitis. This mutation is found mostly in Hispanic patients with CF living in Puerto Rico. There are no current data to determine whether asymptomatic carriers of the R334W mutation are at greater risk for developing pancreatitis or whether this mutation is frequent in Hispanics with idiopathic pancreatitis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)504-509
Number of pages6
JournalClinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Volume2
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2004

Keywords

  • CF
  • CFF
  • CFTR
  • CI
  • confidence interval
  • cystic fibrosis
  • Cystic Fibrosis Foundation
  • cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator
  • pancreas insufficiency
  • pancreas sufficiency
  • PI
  • PS

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

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