Pandemic covid-19: The residents’ resilience

Laura Pasin, Nicolò Sella, Christelle Correale, Annalisa Boscolo, Giulia Mormando, Maria Zordan, Giovanni Landoni, Paolo Navalesi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background and aim of the work: Healthcare workers are often exposed to secondary traumatic stress. The SARS-CoV-2 outbreak caused intense psychological pressure in various healthcare professionals, with increased risk of post-traumatic stress disorder. Objective of our study was to evaluate the incidence of post-traumatic stress disorder in italian residents in Intensive Care and Emergency Departments facing COVID-19 emergency. Methods: We developed a short, anonymous web-questionnaire to obtain data re-garding sociodemographic, professional characteristics, history of psychological trauma, psychotherapy, use of psychiatric medications and the presence of symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder. Primary outcome was the incidence of post-traumatic stress disorder. Secondary endpoint was to identify possible risk factors associated with the development of post-traumatic stress disorder. Post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms were assessed by the Impact of Event Scale-Revised. A cut-off of 33 identified a probable diagnosis of post-traumatic stress disorder while a cut-off of 22 identified subclinical post-traumatic stress disorder. Results: 503 residents completed the questionnaire. Among residents who were directly involved in the clinical assistance of COVID-19 patients, 34.3% presented a probable diagnosis of post-traumatic stress disorder, while 21.5% presented subclinical post-traumatic stress disorder. Female gender and history of psychological trauma were significantly associated with the development of post-traumatic stress symptoms. Conclusions: Our data sug-gest a high incidence of post-traumatic stress disorder in Italian residents working in Intensive Care Units and Emergency Departments during the SARS-CoV-2 outbreak. This finding supports the importance of promptly implementing any strategy that might preserve staff mental health.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere2020120
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalActa Biomedica
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • COVID-19
  • Emergency department
  • Intensive care
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder
  • Residents
  • Survey

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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