Aim: To compare the efficacy of pantoprazole vs. a one-week Helicobacter pylori eradication therapy for the prevention of NSAID-related gastroduodenal damage. Methods: Patients over 60 years old with symptoms and/or a history of ulcer who needed NSAID treatment were evaluated by endoscopy. H. pylori positive subjects who had no severe gastroduodenal lesions were randomized to take, concomitantly with NSAID therapy, either: (i) pantoprazole 40 mg daily plus amoxycillin 1 g b.d. and clarithromycin 250 mg b.d. for 1 week (35 subjects, Group PAC) or (ii) pantoprazole 40 mg daily for 1 month (34 subjects, Group P). Endoscopy was repeated after 1 month. Results: A significantly higher incidence of severe gastroduodenal damage was found in Group PAC than in Group P (29% vs. 9%, P <0.05). The percentages of patients worsened, unchanged and improved after 1 month were, respectively: Group PAC: 46%, 46%, and 9% and Group P: 7%, 65%, and 29% (P <0.0008). The percentage of H. pylori-negative subjects was 89% in Group PAC and 52% in Group P (P = 0.0009). The incidence of gastroduodenal damage was higher in Group PAC treatment failures than in cured patients (50% vs. 25.8%, P = ns). Conclusion: One month of pantoprazole was more effective than a proton pump inhibitor-based triple therapy in the prevention of gastroduodenal damage in elderly H. pylori-positive NSAID users.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmacology (medical)
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)