Papillomavirus E5: The smallest oncoprotein with many functions

Aldo Venuti, Francesca Paolini, Lubna Nasir, Annunziata Corteggio, Sante Roperto, Maria S. Campo, Giuseppe Borzacchiello

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Papillomaviruses (PVs) are established agents of human and animal cancers. They infect cutaneous and mucous epithelia. High Risk (HR) Human PVs (HPVs) are consistently associated with cancer of the uterine cervix, but are also involved in the etiopathogenesis of other cancer types. The early oncoproteins of PVs: E5, E6 and E7 are known to contribute to tumour progression. While the oncogenic activities of E6 and E7 are well characterised, the role of E5 is still rather nebulous. The widespread causal association of PVs with cancer makes their study worthwhile not only in humans but also in animal model systems. The Bovine PV (BPV) system has been the most useful animal model in understanding the oncogenic potential of PVs due to the pivotal role of its E5 oncoprotein in cell transformation. This review will highlight the differences between HPV-16 E5 (16E5) and E5 from other PVs, primarily from BPV. It will discuss the targeting of E5 as a possible therapeutic agent.

Original languageEnglish
Article number140
JournalMolecular Cancer
Volume10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 11 2011

Keywords

  • Animal models
  • Cell transformation
  • E5 oncoprotein
  • Growth factor receptors
  • Immune escape
  • Oncogene
  • Papillomaviruses

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Oncology

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