Parameters influence on acceleration and deceleration capacity based on trans-abdominal ECG in early fetal growth restriction at different gestational age epochs

Tamara Stampalija, Daniela Casati, Marcella Montico, Roberto Sassi, Massimo W. Rivolta, Valeria Maggi, Axel Bauer, Enrico Ferrazzi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Abstract Objective Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) is characterized by chronic nutrient deprivation and hypoxemia that alters the autonomous nervous system regulation of fetal heart rate variability (fHRV). Phase-rectified signal averaging (PRSA) is a new algorithm capable to identify periodic and quasi-periodic patterns of HR, and which is used to quantify the average acceleration and deceleration capacity (AC/DC) of the heart. The computation of AC/DC depends on the parameters T and s, which we set so that s = T. T and s determine the periodicities that can be detected (the larger T the smaller the frequency of oscillations for which the method is most sensitive). The aim of the study was to evaluate the influence of the parameter T on PRSA computation, based on trans-abdominally acquired fetal ECG (ta-fECG), in early IUGR ( 0.05), respectively. The AUCs of AC-T9 and DC-T9 significantly outperformed that obtained by short-term variation (AUC 0.77, 95% CI 0.65-0.90; p = 0.009 and p = 0.003, respectively). Conclusions Our study shows that within the range of T parameter 1 ÷ 45, T = 9 proved to be the best value to discriminate the AC and DC of the fetal heart rate of IUGR from AGA fetuses prior to 34 weeks of gestation. These significant differences are emphasized in very preterm gestational age epochs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8935
Pages (from-to)104-112
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Reproductive Biology
Volume188
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2015

Keywords

  • Fetal ECG
  • Fetal growth restriction
  • Fetal monitoring
  • PRSA
  • Short term variation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology
  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Medicine(all)

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