OBJECTIVE: This meta-analysis investigated the effectiveness of PARP inhibitors (PARPis) as maintenance treatment in platinum sensitive recurrent ovarian cancer (ROC), stratifying results based on BRCA mutational status into five different categories: whole population, germ-line BRCA mutated patients, somatic BRCA mutated patients, HRD patients and wild type population.
METHODS: PubMed, Medline, Scopus, EMBASE and clinicaltrials.gov, as well as meeting proceedings were searched for eligible studies that described RCTs testing the efficacy of PARPis as maintenance treatment in platinum sensitive ROC. Data were extracted independently and analysed using RevMan statistical software version 5.3. Primary end-point was progression free survival (PFS).
RESULTS: The analysis confirmed the positive effect of PARPis in patients with platinum sensitive ROC in case of germinal or somatic BRCA mutations. Specifically, HR for PFS was 0.26, 95% CI 0.21-0.31, p < 0.00001 for the mutation of BRCA gene and 0.24, 95%, CI 0.12-0.48, p < 0.0001 for the somatic alteration. In addition, in the HRD population, studies that analysed the efficacy of PARPis reported a PFS improvement with HR 0.34, 95% CI 0.26-0.43, p < 0.00001. Finally, our analysis confirms the role of these drugs in prolonging PFS in the whole population with HR 0.36, 95% CI 0.32-0.42, p < 0.00001, although to a lesser extent, with a significant improvement even in wild type cancers with HR 0.49, 95%, CI 0.41-0.59, p < 0.00001).
CONCLUSIONS: PARPis are effective regardless of BRCA mutational status. Future investigations are necessary to explore the use of different PARPis as monotherapy, comparing them among each other in terms of efficacy and toxicity, and exploring their potential re-use.
- Genes, BRCA1
- Genes, BRCA2
- Germ-Line Mutation
- Maintenance Chemotherapy
- Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/drug therapy
- Ovarian Neoplasms/drug therapy
- Poly(ADP-ribose) Polymerase Inhibitors/administration & dosage
- Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic