Partial seizures with affective semiology versus pavor nocturnus

Cesare Maria Cornaggia, Massimiliano Beghi, Simona Giovannini, Antonella Boni, Giuseppe Gobbi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Sudden nocturnal events with an affective semiology may have various etiologies, such as nocturnal panic attacks, nightmares, pavor nocturnus and/or different types of focal epileptic seizures, particularly in children. We describe the case of a normally developed boy who, at the age of two years, experienced nocturnal paroxysmal events that occurred about one hour after falling asleep and lasted up to 15 minutes. The clinical picture was characterized by sudden arousal, fear, inconsolable crying and an apparently voluntary search for his mother. The state of consciousness was basically maintained, and the inter-ictal EEG pattern showed independent bilateral centro-temporal spikes and spike-and-wave complexes. The child had a family history of benign partial epilepsy of childhood with rolandic spikes, and the paroxysmal events remitted after valproic acid treatment. This case report highlights the difficulties in the differential diagnosis of panic attacks, nightmares, pavor nocturnus and focal nocturnal epileptic seizures, especially those arising from the temporal and frontal lobes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)65-68
Number of pages4
JournalEpileptic Disorders
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2010

Fingerprint

Night Terrors
Panic Disorder
Epilepsy
Seizures
Crying
Partial Epilepsy
Valproic Acid
Frontal Lobe
Temporal Lobe
Arousal
Consciousness
Fear
Electroencephalography
Differential Diagnosis
Stroke
Mothers
Therapeutics

Keywords

  • Affective seizures
  • Benign childhood epilepsy
  • Childhood
  • Paroxysmal event
  • Pavor nocturnus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neurology

Cite this

Partial seizures with affective semiology versus pavor nocturnus. / Cornaggia, Cesare Maria; Beghi, Massimiliano; Giovannini, Simona; Boni, Antonella; Gobbi, Giuseppe.

In: Epileptic Disorders, Vol. 12, No. 1, 03.2010, p. 65-68.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Cornaggia, CM, Beghi, M, Giovannini, S, Boni, A & Gobbi, G 2010, 'Partial seizures with affective semiology versus pavor nocturnus', Epileptic Disorders, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 65-68. https://doi.org/10.1684/epd.2010.0289
Cornaggia, Cesare Maria ; Beghi, Massimiliano ; Giovannini, Simona ; Boni, Antonella ; Gobbi, Giuseppe. / Partial seizures with affective semiology versus pavor nocturnus. In: Epileptic Disorders. 2010 ; Vol. 12, No. 1. pp. 65-68.
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