Partin Tables cannot accurately predict the pathological stage at radical prostatectomy

N. Bhojani, S. Ahyai, M. Graefen, U. Capitanio, N. Suardi, S. F. Shariat, C. Jeldres, A. Erbersdobler, T. Schlomm, A. Haese, T. Steuber, H. Heinzer, F. Montorsi, H. Huland, P. I. Karakiewicz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: The Partin Tables represent the most commonly used staging tool for radical prostatectomy (RP) candidates. The Partin Tables' predictions are used to guide the type (nerve preserving RP) and/or the extent (RP with wide resection) of RP. We examined the ability of the Partin Tables' predictions incorrectly assigning the stage at RP. Methods: The testing of the Partin Tables (external validation) was based on 3105 patients treated with RP at a single European institution. Standard validation metrics were used (area under the receiver operating characteristics curve, AUC) to test the three endpoints predicted by the Partin Tables, namely the presence of extracapsular extension (ECE), seminal vesicle invasion (SVI), and lymph node invasion (LNI). Results: Ideal predictions are denoted with 100% accuracy vs. 50% for entirely random predictions. For the 2001 version of the Tables the accuracy defined by the AUC was 79.7, 77.8, and 73.0 for ECE, SVI, and LNI, respectively. For the 2007 version of the Tables the corresponding accuracy estimates were 79.8, 80.5, and 76.2. The relationship between predicted probabilities and observed rates was poor. Conclusion: The Partin Tables are meant to guide clinicians about the safety of nerve bundle preservation at RP, about the need for seminal vesicle resection or for lymphadenectomy. Therefore, the use of the Partin Tables predictions may significantly affect the type and/or the extent of RP. In their present format the Partin Tables are not accurate enough to influence the pre-operative decision making regarding the type or extent of RP.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)123-128
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Journal of Surgical Oncology
Volume35
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2009

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Nomograms
Prostatectomy
Seminal Vesicles
Area Under Curve
Lymph Nodes
Aptitude
Lymph Node Excision
ROC Curve
Decision Making
Safety

Keywords

  • Prostate cancer
  • Radical prostatectomy
  • Staging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Surgery

Cite this

Partin Tables cannot accurately predict the pathological stage at radical prostatectomy. / Bhojani, N.; Ahyai, S.; Graefen, M.; Capitanio, U.; Suardi, N.; Shariat, S. F.; Jeldres, C.; Erbersdobler, A.; Schlomm, T.; Haese, A.; Steuber, T.; Heinzer, H.; Montorsi, F.; Huland, H.; Karakiewicz, P. I.

In: European Journal of Surgical Oncology, Vol. 35, No. 2, 02.2009, p. 123-128.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bhojani, N, Ahyai, S, Graefen, M, Capitanio, U, Suardi, N, Shariat, SF, Jeldres, C, Erbersdobler, A, Schlomm, T, Haese, A, Steuber, T, Heinzer, H, Montorsi, F, Huland, H & Karakiewicz, PI 2009, 'Partin Tables cannot accurately predict the pathological stage at radical prostatectomy', European Journal of Surgical Oncology, vol. 35, no. 2, pp. 123-128. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejso.2008.07.013
Bhojani, N. ; Ahyai, S. ; Graefen, M. ; Capitanio, U. ; Suardi, N. ; Shariat, S. F. ; Jeldres, C. ; Erbersdobler, A. ; Schlomm, T. ; Haese, A. ; Steuber, T. ; Heinzer, H. ; Montorsi, F. ; Huland, H. ; Karakiewicz, P. I. / Partin Tables cannot accurately predict the pathological stage at radical prostatectomy. In: European Journal of Surgical Oncology. 2009 ; Vol. 35, No. 2. pp. 123-128.
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abstract = "Purpose: The Partin Tables represent the most commonly used staging tool for radical prostatectomy (RP) candidates. The Partin Tables' predictions are used to guide the type (nerve preserving RP) and/or the extent (RP with wide resection) of RP. We examined the ability of the Partin Tables' predictions incorrectly assigning the stage at RP. Methods: The testing of the Partin Tables (external validation) was based on 3105 patients treated with RP at a single European institution. Standard validation metrics were used (area under the receiver operating characteristics curve, AUC) to test the three endpoints predicted by the Partin Tables, namely the presence of extracapsular extension (ECE), seminal vesicle invasion (SVI), and lymph node invasion (LNI). Results: Ideal predictions are denoted with 100{\%} accuracy vs. 50{\%} for entirely random predictions. For the 2001 version of the Tables the accuracy defined by the AUC was 79.7, 77.8, and 73.0 for ECE, SVI, and LNI, respectively. For the 2007 version of the Tables the corresponding accuracy estimates were 79.8, 80.5, and 76.2. The relationship between predicted probabilities and observed rates was poor. Conclusion: The Partin Tables are meant to guide clinicians about the safety of nerve bundle preservation at RP, about the need for seminal vesicle resection or for lymphadenectomy. Therefore, the use of the Partin Tables predictions may significantly affect the type and/or the extent of RP. In their present format the Partin Tables are not accurate enough to influence the pre-operative decision making regarding the type or extent of RP.",
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AU - Bhojani, N.

AU - Ahyai, S.

AU - Graefen, M.

AU - Capitanio, U.

AU - Suardi, N.

AU - Shariat, S. F.

AU - Jeldres, C.

AU - Erbersdobler, A.

AU - Schlomm, T.

AU - Haese, A.

AU - Steuber, T.

AU - Heinzer, H.

AU - Montorsi, F.

AU - Huland, H.

AU - Karakiewicz, P. I.

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N2 - Purpose: The Partin Tables represent the most commonly used staging tool for radical prostatectomy (RP) candidates. The Partin Tables' predictions are used to guide the type (nerve preserving RP) and/or the extent (RP with wide resection) of RP. We examined the ability of the Partin Tables' predictions incorrectly assigning the stage at RP. Methods: The testing of the Partin Tables (external validation) was based on 3105 patients treated with RP at a single European institution. Standard validation metrics were used (area under the receiver operating characteristics curve, AUC) to test the three endpoints predicted by the Partin Tables, namely the presence of extracapsular extension (ECE), seminal vesicle invasion (SVI), and lymph node invasion (LNI). Results: Ideal predictions are denoted with 100% accuracy vs. 50% for entirely random predictions. For the 2001 version of the Tables the accuracy defined by the AUC was 79.7, 77.8, and 73.0 for ECE, SVI, and LNI, respectively. For the 2007 version of the Tables the corresponding accuracy estimates were 79.8, 80.5, and 76.2. The relationship between predicted probabilities and observed rates was poor. Conclusion: The Partin Tables are meant to guide clinicians about the safety of nerve bundle preservation at RP, about the need for seminal vesicle resection or for lymphadenectomy. Therefore, the use of the Partin Tables predictions may significantly affect the type and/or the extent of RP. In their present format the Partin Tables are not accurate enough to influence the pre-operative decision making regarding the type or extent of RP.

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