Pasireotide in the treatment of neuroendocrine tumors: a review of the literature

Giovanni Vitale, Alessandra Dicitore, Concetta Sciammarella, Sergio Di Molfetta, Manila Rubino, Antongiulio Faggiano, Annamaria Colao

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Somatostatin analogs have an important role in the medical therapy of neuroendocrine tumors (NETs). Octreotide and lanreotide, both somatostatin analogs binding with high affinity for the somatostatin receptor (SSTR)2, can control symptoms in functional NETs. In addition, these compounds, because of their antiproliferative effects, can stabilize growth of well-differentiated NETs. Pasireotide is a novel multireceptor-targeted somatostatin analog with high affinity for SSTR1, 2, 3, and 5. This review provides an overview of the state of the art of pasireotide in the treatment of NETs, with the aim of addressing clinical relevance and future perspectives for this molecule in the management of NETs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)R351-R364
JournalEndocrine-Related Cancer
Volume25
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2018

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